Chapter 5. Skolelinux/Debian-edu Installation

The installation of the different Skolelinux/Debian-edu profiles, mainserver, Thinclientserver and workstation are almost identical during the first and second stages of installation.

Note

I will not go into the details about the last two available profiles in Skolelinux/Debian-edu,standalone and standalone-extras. They are not really part of the Skolelinux/Debian-edu network, but are meant for home use.

First, you need to make sure the machine is able to boot from the CD-ROM, see Section 5.1

5.1. Preparing the Machine to Boot from CD-ROM

Maybe your machine is already configured to boot from the CD-ROM. Start your machine with the Skolelinux/Debian-edu CD in the CD-ROM.

If you then see something similar to the screenshot in Figure 6-1, then you can skip straight to Section 6.2; otherwise, keep on reading.

If your machine has the BIOS option to boot from CD-ROM, then setting the CD-ROM as the first boot option in the BIOS may help. Later when the first stage of installation is over, you should change it back, so that the machine will boot from the hard drive.

Normally, when you turn the computer on, you will see how to enter the BIOS setup. It's usually one of the keys F1, INS, F10 or maybe DEL. Refer to your manual, or the supplier of the computer, if you aren't able to get the machine to boot from the CD-ROM.

5.1.1. Using Smart Boot manager (SBM)

Another option, when the machine will not boot directly from CD-ROM, or you can't gain access to the BIOS, is to use SBM(Smart Boot Manager). This is a floppy that you boot from, which makes it possible to choose to boot from the CD-ROM. SBM is included on the Skolelinux/Debian-edu CD. Have a look in the directory install on the CD. There you will find a file called sbm.bin. Transfer this file to a floppy using the utility rawrite. In Windows, you'll find rawrite in the directory install as well. Have a look at the file rawrite2.txt for further info about rawrite

Warning

Do not try to simply copy sbm.bin to a floppy. That will not work. You have to use the utility rawrite

For further information about what SBM is, you should read the file README.sbm, you'll find that file in the directory install as well

If you have a running Linux system, then you mount your CD, and transfer sbm.bin with the command

mount /cdrom
dd if=/cdrom/install/sbm.bin of=/dev/fd0

You may need to change the mount point used for your CD-ROM, and possibly also for the floppy.

Once you have managed to create a bootable SMB floppy, this is what greets you:

Under normal circumstances you may now just use the DOWN/UP-arrow on your keyboard to choose 'CD-ROM' end then just press ENTER

It doesn't matter whether you answer yes or no to the question about saving the changes

If you don't see any cd-rom entries, then you might have to rescan you computer for it. Press TAB to get the SBM menu, choose System Settings, then Rescan all boot records

Further info about SMB (Smart Boot Manager) can be found at the projects homepage http://btmgr.webframe.org/

Notes

[1]

Maybe someone in the future will add the possibility to play Solitaire during installation.